Full scientific name:
Araschnia levana (Linnaeus, 1758)
Flight Period and Life Cycle
2-3 broods per year. Overwinters as pupae.
Distribution in Croatia
Common in the mainland. Check the included map.
External Morphology Characteristics
Araschania levana is an example of seasonal polyphenism. Due to larva light and temperature exposure, imago has a different external morphology (A. Baudach, A. Vilcinskas, 2021). The spring form has more vibrant colors with less number of white spots on the both sides of the wings. The summer form has more white spots and less vibrant colors.
Imago feeds with nectar of various flowers.
Caterpillar Host Plants
Woodland and edges of woodland. Elevations: 0-1000m.
A. Baudach, A. Vilcinskas: The European Map Butterfly Araschnia levana as a Model to Study the Molecular Basis and Evolutionary Ecology of Seasonal Polyphenism. Insects 2021, 12, 325.