Full scientific name:
Zerynthia polyxena (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
Flight Period and Life Cycle
1 brood per year. Overwinters as pupa.
Distribution in Croatia
The entire territory. Check the included map.
External Morphology Characteristics
The upper side of the wings is yellow in color. The hindwing has red spots. Both the forewing and hindwing have dark patterns in their marginal and submarginal zones. On the underside of the wings, there are reddish-brown patterns and spots with prominent veins.
Zerynthia polyxena flies slowly over short distances and low above the ground. During strong winds, it hides deeper in the grass. It rarely feeds on the nectar of flowers.
Caterpillar Host Plants
Grassland and woodland edges. Elevations: 0-1000m.