Oriental Meadow Brown
Full scientific name:
Hyponephele lupina (Costa, 1836)
Hyponephele lupinus (Costa, 1836)
Orijentalno volovsko oko
Flight Period and Life Cycle
1 brood per year. Overwinters as caterpillar.
Distribution in Croatia
Along the coast in Dalmatia only. Check the included map.
External Morphology Characteristics
The upper side of the wings is brown. There is a dark spot in the apex of the forewing. It is smaller in males. In the female, there is a smaller dark spot in S2 zone of the forewing. The underside of the hindwing is covered with tiny, darker scales laid in broken lines that follow the parallel jagged edge of the wing. Compared to the similar species Hyponephele lycaon, darker scale lines are a bit less broken.
When lands, it keeps wings closed.
Caterpillar Host Plants
Dry and warm grassland with bushes on rocky terrains. Elevations: 0-1400m.